Difference between revisions of "ZeroSpace 3e EN:Skills"

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[[Image:Arrow_up_16x16.png|baseline|link=ZeroSpace_3e_EN:Contents]] [[ZeroSpace_3e_EN:Contents|Contents]]
 
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Skills allow a character to apply their attributes to solve a specific problem or accomplish a specific task. ''ZeroSpace'' divides skills between general skills and areas of expertise. General skills are quite broad, such as Culture and Survival, while a character's areas of expertise are rather specific, such as Gymnastics and Physics. General skills cost one character point each, and expertise in a skill costs one character point per area of expertise.
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Skills allow a character to apply their attributes to solve a specific problem or accomplish a specific task. Skills cost one character point each. Expertise in a skill costs an additional character point. We suggest spending about 10 character points on skills, unless you have [[ZeroSpace_3e_EN:Aliens|alien traits]], [[ZeroSpace_3e_EN:Gifts|gifts]], or [[ZeroSpace_3e_EN:Occult_Orders|occult powers]], in which case we suggest spending at least 5 points on skills.
  
==General Skills==
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==Skill Dice==
  
Note that general skills are quite broad. For example, Science covers everything from Acarology to Zymology. However, just because a character ''could'' do everything encompassed by a general skill does not mean that they ''should''. For example, a character with the Engineering general skill could, in theory, do everything from repair holocams to design repulsorlift bridges. That doesn't mean it makes sense for them to do so. A character who is an electronics whiz does not necessarily know how to rebuild a speeder engine, even though both tasks use the same general skill, Engineering. It's up to you as the player to know what makes sense for your character and what doesn't, and to communicate that information to the GM.
+
If the character has the needed skill, the player rolls 2d6. If the character has Expertise with the needed skill, re-roll any 1s and 2s until all dice have a 3 or higher.
  
To attempt to accomplish a task pertaining to a character's skills, the player makes a task roll using the appropriate character attribute (Brawn, Agility, etc.). Which attribute is relevant when using a skill might change depending on the circumstances. For example, a character with rank 4 in Agility whose combat style involves flips and somersaults would roll 2d6 + 4 when making a Gymnastics task roll to flip over a villain, swing from a railing, and land behind them ready to fight. If the same character has rank 3 in Reason and is judging a gymnastics competition, they would roll 2d6 + 3 when scoring the performance of the gymnasts. If the player's roll equals or exceeds the task difficulty set by the GM, the character succeeds at the task in a completely satisfactory manner: the clue is found, the language is translated, or the engine starts.
+
A character may attempt a task in which they have no skill, if the GM says it is possible. For example, anyone can tell a lie (attempted with a Deception roll), but not everyone can recite an epic poem and keep the audience's attention (attempted with a Performance roll). If a character attempts a task in which they have no skill, the player rolls one die instead of two. For example, if a character is attacked by an enemy with a knife, but the defender does not have the Hand-to-hand Combat skill, the defender rolls 1d6 and adds their Brawn.
  
A character may attempt a task in which they have no skill, if the GM says it is possible, but the difficulty would be considerably higher (+6 difficulty modifier).
+
Making skill rolls is covered in the [[ZeroSpace_3e_EN:Actions|Actions]] chapter.
  
==Areas Of Expertise==
+
==Typical Skills==
 
 
Expertise describes a character's field (or fields) of extraordinary competence, above and beyond the character's general skills. Unlike general skills, expertise is specific. For example, a character with the Science general skill might have expertise in Robotics, and a character with the Culture general skill might have expertise in Fashion. Expertise in a specific skill costs one character point, and it grants the character a +3 bonus to task rolls pertaining to that area of expertise.
 
 
 
Expertise does not give a character a skill they would not normally possess, nor does lack of expertise mean that a character lacks the skill. A character with a general skill in Science, but without expertise in Biology, would still be able to make a Reason task roll to identify a life form or a Perception task roll to understand the life form's behaviour, if it makes sense for the character to have some background in Biology.
 
 
 
===Villainous Expertise===
 
 
 
Only very unusual NPCs have expertise with Combat skills. Expertise can have a powerful effect in combat, and it tends to be more powerful in the hands of the GM than in the hands of the players because the GM rolls more dice over the course of the game than any of the players do. For this reason, it is best to restrict Combat expertise to only those NPCs that truly do have an extraordinary amount of skill.
 
  
==Typical Skills==
+
''ZeroSpace'' divides skills into broad disciplines. This list of skills is not exhaustive, nor is it objective: skills are divided by their usefulness in a game, not by any objective taxonomy. This is why "Culture" is a very broad skill, while "Deception" is relatively specific. A character may have a skill not listed here, subject to GM approval. However, any new skills should be approximately as useful as these skills in order to maintain a sense of fairness with other characters.
  
''ZeroSpace'' divides skills into broad disciplines called general skills. This list of general skills is not exhaustive, nor is it objective: general skills are divided by their usefulness in a game, not by any objective taxonomy. This is why "Science" is a very broad general skill, while "Computing" is relatively specific. A character may have a skill not listed here, subject to GM approval. However, any new skills should be approximately as useful as these skills in order to maintain a sense of fairness with other characters. For example, expertise in "Business" or "Occultism" would be acceptable, but having a new general skill called "Commando" which does everything that "Athletics", "Stealth", and "Survival" do would not be fair.
+
Most skills are quite broad. However, just because a character ''could'' do everything encompassed by a skill does not mean that they ''should''. For example, a character with the Engineering skill could, in theory, do everything from repairing holocams to designing repulsorlift bridges. That doesn't mean it makes sense for them to do so. It's up to you as the player to know what makes sense for your character and what doesn't, and to communicate that information to the GM.
  
The attribute typically associated with a skill is listed here, but keep in mind that the relevant attribute might change depending on the circumstances. For example, using Stealth to follow someone through a crowded marketplace might depend on a character's Agility, while moving silently through a darkened building might call for extraordinary Perception. Similarly, finding a clothing fiber at a crime scene might call for a Perception-based Investigation roll, while analyzing that fiber back at the lab would call for a Reason-based Investigation roll. Also note that the same task might be accomplished in more than one way. Climbing a tree might be an exercise in Athletics, but it might also be accomplished with the proper application of Survival.
+
The attribute typically associated with a skill is listed here, but keep in mind that the relevant attribute might change depending on the circumstances. Also note that the same task might be accomplished in more than one way. Climbing a tree might be an exercise in Athletics (Brawn), but it might also be accomplished with the proper application of Survival (Brawn).
  
  
{| cellpadding="4" cellspacing="1"
+
{| cellpadding="4" cellspacing="1" class="wikitable zebra"
|+Table: Typical general skills
+
|+Table: Typical skills
|- class="h1row"
+
|-  
! class="alignleft"|General Skill
+
! class="alignleft"|Skill
 
! class="alignleft"|Attribute
 
! class="alignleft"|Attribute
! class="alignleft"|Typical Areas Of Expertise
+
! class="alignleft"|Examples
|- class="oddrow"
+
|-
 
| class="alignleft"|Athletics
 
| class="alignleft"|Athletics
| class="alignleft"|Brawn
+
| class="alignleft"|Agility or Brawn
| class="alignleft"|Climbing, Gymnastics, Riding, Throwing
+
| class="alignleft"|Climbing, gymnastics, riding, running, swimming, throwing objects
|- class="evenrow"
+
|-
| class="alignleft"|Combat
 
| class="alignleft"|Varies
 
| class="alignleft"|Aerial Combat, Archery, Blocking, Distracting, Dodging, Grappling, Ramming, Slamming, Surprise Attacks, Sweep Attacks, Taunting, Throwing, Underwater Combat, Zero-G Combat, [Specific Attack]
 
|- class="oddrow"
 
 
| class="alignleft"|Computing
 
| class="alignleft"|Computing
 
| class="alignleft"|Reason
 
| class="alignleft"|Reason
| class="alignleft"|Forensics, Forgery, Hacking, Programming
+
| class="alignleft"|Artificial intelligence, forensics, programming, security systems, sensor operation
|- class="evenrow"
+
|-
 
| class="alignleft"|Culture
 
| class="alignleft"|Culture
| class="alignleft"|Perception
+
| class="alignleft"|Reason
| class="alignleft"|Acting, Comedy, Dancing, Drawing, Fashion, Local History, Music, Painting, Popular Media, Sculpture, Singing
+
| class="alignleft"|Art, fashion, history, music, philosophy, politics, popular media, religion
|- class="oddrow"
+
|-
 
| class="alignleft"|Deception
 
| class="alignleft"|Deception
| class="alignleft"|Willpower
+
| class="alignleft"|Presence
| class="alignleft"|Bluffing, Distracting, Lying, Sales
+
| class="alignleft"|Bluffing, disguise, lying, sales
|- class="evenrow"  
+
|-
 +
| class="alignleft"|Diplomacy
 +
| class="alignleft"|Presence
 +
| class="alignleft"|Carousing, conversation, etiquette, negotiation, streetwise
 +
|-
 
| class="alignleft"|Engineering
 
| class="alignleft"|Engineering
 
| class="alignleft"|Reason
 
| class="alignleft"|Reason
| class="alignleft"|Aerospace, Architectural, Ceramic, Chemical, Civil, Demolition, Electrical, Mechanical, Nuclear
+
| class="alignleft"|Architecture, carpentry, cartography, cooking, demolitions, electronics
|- class="oddrow"  
+
|-
 +
| class="alignleft"|Finesse
 +
| class="alignleft"|Agility
 +
| class="alignleft"|Disabling a trap, forgery, lockpicking, pickpocketing, sleight of hand
 +
|-
 +
| class="alignleft"|Gambling
 +
| class="alignleft"|Reason
 +
| class="alignleft"|Card games, dice games, dominoes, formal combat, races, sporting events
 +
|-
 +
| class="alignleft"|Hand-to-hand Combat
 +
| class="alignleft"|Brawn
 +
| class="alignleft"|Axes, clubs, hand-to-hand powers, spears, swords, unarmed strikes
 +
|-
 
| class="alignleft"|Investigation
 
| class="alignleft"|Investigation
 
| class="alignleft"|Reason
 
| class="alignleft"|Reason
| class="alignleft"|Analyzing Evidence, Collecting Evidence, Searching
+
| class="alignleft"|Analyzing evidence, collecting evidence, identifying clues
|- class="evenrow"
+
|-
| class="alignleft"|Legerdemain
 
| class="alignleft"|Agility
 
| class="alignleft"|Lockpicking, Pickpocketing, Sleight Of Hand
 
|- class="oddrow"
 
 
| class="alignleft"|Manipulation
 
| class="alignleft"|Manipulation
| class="alignleft"|Willpower
+
| class="alignleft"|Presence
| class="alignleft"|Conversation, Interrogation, Leadership, Seduction, Taunting
+
| class="alignleft"|Bribery, interrogation, intimidation, leadership, persuasion, seduction
|- class="evenrow"
+
|-
 
| class="alignleft"|Medicine
 
| class="alignleft"|Medicine
 
| class="alignleft"|Reason
 
| class="alignleft"|Reason
| class="alignleft"|Diagnosis, Pharmacology, Surgery
+
| class="alignleft"|Cybernetics, diagnosis, field medicine, pharmacology, surgery
|- class="oddrow"  
+
|-
 +
| class="alignleft"|Mental Combat
 +
| class="alignleft"|Presence
 +
| class="alignleft"|Defending against mental attacks, phantasms, mind control, telepathy
 +
|-
 +
| class="alignleft"|Occult
 +
| class="alignleft"|Reason
 +
| class="alignleft"|Analyzing artifacts, using occult powers, removing curses
 +
|-
 +
| class="alignleft"|Perception
 +
| class="alignleft"|Reason
 +
| class="alignleft"|Eavesdropping, identifying an odor or taste, noticing a tail
 +
|-
 +
| class="alignleft"|Performance
 +
| class="alignleft"|Presence
 +
| class="alignleft"|Comedy, dancing, music, singing, theatre, writing novels, writing poetry
 +
|-
 
| class="alignleft"|Piloting
 
| class="alignleft"|Piloting
 +
| class="alignleft"|Agility or Reason
 +
| class="alignleft"|Aircraft, drones, ground vehicles, heavy machinery, spacecraft, watercraft; navigation
 +
|-
 +
| class="alignleft"|Ranged Combat
 
| class="alignleft"|Agility
 
| class="alignleft"|Agility
| class="alignleft"|Aircraft, Automobiles, Giant Robots, Heavy Machinery, Motorcycles, Spacecraft, Submersibles, Unmanned Vehicles, Watercraft
+
| class="alignleft"|Bows, crossbows, pistols, ranged powers, rifles, thrown weapons, wrist rockets
|- class="evenrow"
+
|-
 
| class="alignleft"|Science
 
| class="alignleft"|Science
 
| class="alignleft"|Reason
 
| class="alignleft"|Reason
| class="alignleft"|Anthropology, Archeology, Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Cryogenics, Ecology, Genetics, Geology, Metallurgy, Meteorology, Nanotechnology, Oceanology, Parapsychology, Physics, Psychology, Radiology, Robotics, Sociology
+
| class="alignleft"|Anthropology, biology, chemistry, geology, mathematics, physics, psychology
|- class="oddrow"
+
|-
| class="alignleft"|Social
 
| class="alignleft"|Willpower
 
| class="alignleft"|Bribery, Etiquette, Streetwise
 
|- class="evenrow"
 
 
| class="alignleft"|Stealth
 
| class="alignleft"|Stealth
 
| class="alignleft"|Agility
 
| class="alignleft"|Agility
| class="alignleft"|Hiding, Shadowing, Sneaking
+
| class="alignleft"|Hiding, shadowing, sneaking, stalking
|- class="oddrow"
+
|-
 
| class="alignleft"|Survival
 
| class="alignleft"|Survival
| class="alignleft"|Perception
+
| class="alignleft"|Reason
| class="alignleft"|Foraging, Hunting, Tactics, Tracking
+
| class="alignleft"|Foraging, hunting, orienteering, scavenging, tracking
 +
|-
 +
| class="alignleft"|Warfare
 +
| class="alignleft"|Reason
 +
| class="alignleft"|Command and control, guerrilla warfare, logistics, military doctrine, strategy, tactics
 
|}
 
|}
  
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===Athletics===
 
===Athletics===
  
The Athletics general skill covers the entire spectrum of non-combat sports, as well general feats of athleticism such as running, jumping, climbing, swimming, and throwing.
+
The Athletics skill covers the entire spectrum of non-combat sports, as well general feats of athleticism such as running, jumping, climbing, swimming, and throwing.
  
Generally, an athletic competition is simply a matter of who has the highest rank in the relevant attributes, or, if they have the same attributes, who has expertise in the relevant sport. In the case where two competitors in a sport have the same attributes and the same expertise, the winner would be decided with a task roll, or perhaps a [[ZeroSpace:Actions#Extended_Tasks|series of task rolls]]. In some sports, the difference between the winner and second place may be as little as one one-hundredth of a second.
+
Generally, an athletic competition is simply a matter of who has the highest relevant attribute. In the case where two competitors in a sport have the same attributes, the winner would be decided with a roll, or perhaps a [[ZeroSpace_3e_EN:Actions#Extended_Tasks|series of rolls]]. In some sports, the difference between the winner and second place may be as little as one one-hundredth of a second.
  
Athletics typically requires a Brawn task roll.
+
Athletics typically requires an Agility or Brawn roll.
  
''Expertise examples:'' Climbing, Gymnastics, Riding, Throwing
+
''Examples:'' Climbing, gymnastics, riding, running, swimming, throwing objects
  
===Combat===
+
===Computing===
  
The Combat general skill covers the myriad ways that humans have found to hurt, maim, and kill one another.
+
Computing allows the character to write new programs, take apart old ones, and follow data trails across networks. It also allows a character to create or circumvent computer security programs and protocols. If a character is extremely familiar with the program in question, the GM might decide that the attempt is automatically successful. If the character is attempting to break into a computer system, the GM may assign a difficulty of 6, or perhaps even higher, since these programs are designed to prevent interference.
  
Any form of combat is covered by the Combat skill ground, whether armed or unarmed, underwater, and even in zero G. Having expertise in a specific form of combat, such as archery, underwater combat, or a specific power (even very flexible powers such as [Element] Control and [Ultra-power]), grants the character a +3 bonus to their task roll when engaged in that type of combat. However, expertise in a specific form of combat does not affect the difficulty modifier when an opponent attacks the character: it only provides a +3 bonus when the character with expertise is attempting the task roll. Combat is a major focus of the game, so there are more detailed rules for it than there are for most other tasks, including special benefits for extreme success. See the [[ZeroSpace:Actions#Combat|Actions]] chapter for more information.
+
Failing a Computing roll might mean that an attempt to circumvent a computer security system is simply unsuccessful, or it may mean that the character has set off an alarm or left a "trail" which may be followed back to their location.  
  
Ranged combat requires an Accuracy task roll, while hand-to-hand combat requires a Prowess task roll.
+
Computing typically requires a Reason roll.
  
''Expertise examples:'' Aerial Combat, Archery, Blocking, Distracting, Dodging, Grappling, Ramming, Slamming, Surprise Attacks, Sweep Attacks, Taunting, Throwing, Underwater Combat, Zero-G Combat, [Specific Power]
+
''Examples:'' Artificial intelligence, forensics, programming, security systems, sensor operation
  
===Computing===
+
===Culture===
  
Computing allows the character to write new programs, take apart old ones, and follow data trails across networks. It also allows a character to create or circumvent computer security programs and protocols. If a character is extremely familiar with the program in question, the GM might reduce the task difficulty to 9. If the character is attempting to break into a computer system, the GM may assign a task difficulty of 15, or perhaps even higher, since these programs are designed to prevent interference.
+
The Culture skill covers the wide range of information that provides the backdrop of our lives. It includes literary, artistic, and political tidbits of information, such as the middle name of the fifth Imperator or the origin of that green stripe on starship disposal vents (they all have one).
  
Failing a Computing task roll might mean that an attempt to circumvent a computer security system is simply unsuccessful, or it may mean that the character has set off an alarm or left a "trail" which may be followed back to their location.  
+
Culture typically requires a Reason roll.
  
Computing typically requires a Reason task roll.
+
''Examples:'' Art, fashion, history, music, philosophy, politics, popular media, religion
  
''Expertise examples:'' Forensics, Forgery, Hacking, Programming
+
===Deception===
  
===Culture===
+
The Deception skill is used to convince someone of the truth of a given statement or situation, usually with the aim of getting them to act on it. Deception could be used to convert someone to a religion, sell someone a car, or simply win an argument. It is not necessary for the deceiver to actually believe their own statements, but if they do they gain a bonus die -- nothing is as convincing as sincerity. If the person being deceived is predisposed to believe the deceiver, the GM may allow the task to succeed without rolling. If the character is trying to persuade someone to believe a patent absurdity (from the target's point of view), the GM might impose a penalty die, or even declare the attempt an automatic failure for truly outrageous lies.
  
The Culture general skill covers the wide range of largely useless information that fills magazines, the World Wide Web, Twitter, and most television networks. It also includes more serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific tidbits of information, such as the name of the fifth President of the United States or the origin of Play-Doh.
+
A failed Deception roll usually means that the subject simply does not believe the lie, but it could mean that the attempt has backfired, firmly convincing the subject of the opposite of what the character was trying to convince them of.
  
Culture typically requires a Perception task roll.
+
Deception typically requires a Presence roll.
  
''Expertise examples:'' Acting, Comedy, Dancing, Drawing, Fashion, Local History, Music, Painting, Popular Media, Sculpture, Singing
+
''Examples:'' Bluffing, disguise, lying, sales
  
===Deception===
+
===Diplomacy===
  
The Deception general skill is used to convince someone of the truth of a given statement or situation, usually with the aim of getting them to act on it. Deception could be used to convert someone to a religion, sell someone a car, or simply win an argument. It is not necessary for the deceiver to actually believe their own statements, but if they do they are more convincing (+3 bonus to the task roll). If the person being deceived is predisposed to believe the deceiver, the GM could grant an even greater bonus or just allow the task to succeed without rolling. If the character is trying to persuade someone to believe a patent absurdity (from the target's point of view), the GM might impose a difficulty modifier of +3 or even +6.
+
The Diplomacy skill is used to adapt to one's social environment. It enables a character navigate through red tape, know the proper manners for a given environment, or survive an excursion to the dark side of civilization. A Diplomacy roll might be required to circumvent a bureaucratic obstacle, to socialize with a group without offending them, or to get the word to the Black Sun that the shipment of blasters at midnight is a set-up.
  
A failed Deception task roll usually means that the subject simply does not believe the lie, but it could mean that the attempt has backfired, firmly convincing the subject of the opposite of what the character was trying to convince them of.
+
A failed Diplomacy roll could result in the character being snubbed by polite society, or possibly in being maimed by a coarser crowd.  
  
Deception typically requires a Willpower task roll.
+
Diplomacy typically requires a Presence roll, and is sometimes opposed.
  
''Expertise examples:'' Bluffing, Distracting, Lying, Sales
+
''Examples:'' Carousing, conversation, etiquette, negotiation, streetwise
  
 
===Engineering===
 
===Engineering===
  
Engineering is the relevant general skill whenever a character attempts to design and build structures, machines, devices, systems, or materials. An Engineering task roll might be required to repair a damaged suspension bridge, modify a hadron collider to be a singularity cannon, or construct a containment suit for a being made of electromagnetic radiation.
+
Engineering is the relevant skill whenever a character attempts to design and build structures, machines, devices, systems, or materials. An Engineering roll might be required to design a bridge, to hot-wire a speeder, to modify a hadron collider to be a singularity cannon, or to construct a containment suit for a being made of electromagnetic radiation.
 +
 
 +
Failing the Engineering roll might indicate that the device simply does not work, or that it will fail catastrophically during use.
 +
 
 +
Engineering typically requires a Reason roll.
  
Failing the Engineering task roll might indicate that the device simply does not work, or that it will fail catastrophically during use.
+
''Examples:'' Architecture, carpentry, cartography, cooking, demolitions, electronics
  
Engineering typically requires a Reason task roll.
+
===Finesse===
  
''Expertise examples:'' Aerospace, Architectural, Ceramic, Chemical, Civil, Demolition, Electrical, Mechanical, Nuclear
+
Finesse covers the skills which require a delicate touch and fine control of the hands and fingers. A Finesse roll might be required to slip a note to an ally, to pick someone's pocket, to disable a trap, or to pick the lock on a pair of handcuffs.
 +
 
 +
Failing a Finesse roll indicates that the deception is easily spotted by the casual observer, or that the lock resists the attempt to pick it.
 +
 
 +
Finesse typically requires an Agility roll.
 +
 
 +
''Examples:'' Disabling a trap, forgery, lockpicking, pickpocketing, sleight of hand
 +
 
 +
===Gambling===
 +
 
 +
Gambling is the wagering of something of value (or "the stakes") on an event with an uncertain outcome, with the intent of winning more than you risked. Gambling thus requires three elements: the stakes, a risk, and a prize. A character with Gambling knows where to play, when to play, and with whom to play, in order to win more often than they lose.
 +
 
 +
Gambling typically requires a Reason roll.
 +
 
 +
''Examples:'' Card games, dice games, dominoes, formal combat, races, sporting events
 +
 
 +
===Hand-to-hand Combat===
 +
 
 +
The Hand-to-hand Combat skill covers the myriad ways that humans have found to hurt, maim, and kill one another in hand-to-hand combat. Any form of hand-to-hand combat is covered by the Hand-to-hand Combat skill.
 +
 
 +
Hand-to-hand Combat typically requires a Brawn roll.
 +
 
 +
''Examples:'' Axes, clubs, hand-to-hand powers, spears, swords, unarmed strikes
  
 
===Investigation===
 
===Investigation===
  
The Investigation general skill covers most of the tasks involved in solving crimes. This includes searching for clues, collecting and analyzing evidence, sifting through police reports and bank records, and so on.
+
The Investigation skill covers most of the tasks involved in solving mysteries and researching obscure topics. This includes searching for clues, collecting and analyzing evidence, sifting through Hypernet records and police databases, and so on.
  
 
A failed Investigation roll might mean that the character hits a dead end in the investigation, or it might mean that they seize on a red herring and draw the wrong conclusion from the evidence.
 
A failed Investigation roll might mean that the character hits a dead end in the investigation, or it might mean that they seize on a red herring and draw the wrong conclusion from the evidence.
  
Investigation typically requires a Reason task roll, or perhaps a [[ZeroSpace:Actions#Extended_Tasks|series of task rolls]].
+
Investigation typically requires a Reason roll, or perhaps a [[ZeroSpace_3e_EN:Actions#Extended_Tasks|series of rolls]].
 +
 
 +
''Examples:'' Analyzing evidence, collecting evidence, identifying clues
 +
 
 +
===Manipulation===
 +
 
 +
The Manipulation skill pertains to eliciting cooperation or information from others by using flirtation, threats of violence, or just verbal trcikery. Interrogation usually hinges on convincing the subject that hope is futile and that resistance will only make things worse, while seduction can sometimes be successful even if the target is aware that they are being seduced.
 +
 
 +
Failure of a Manipulation roll could result in the subject of interrogation convincingly giving false information, or in the target of a seduction finding the would-be seducer repugnant.
 +
 
 +
Manipulation typically requires a Presence roll, or perhaps a [[ZeroSpace_3e_EN:Actions#Extended_Tasks|series of rolls]].
 +
 
 +
''Examples:'' Bribery, interrogation, intimidation, leadership, persuasion, seduction
 +
 
 +
===Medicine===
 +
 
 +
A knowledge of Medicine can be very useful in the violent world of ''ZeroSpace''. Any medical procedure, from taking a person's temperature and splinting broken limbs, to performing open-heart telesurgery and administering nanotherapy, is covered by the Medicine skill. Knowledge of Medicine also gives the character familiarity with common drugs and toxins, and a competent knowledge of their effects.
 +
 
 +
Medicine typically requires a Reason roll.
 +
 
 +
''Examples:'' Cybernetics, diagnosis, field medicine, pharmacology, surgery
 +
 
 +
===Mental Combat===
  
''Expertise examples:'' Analyzing Evidence, Collecting Evidence, Searching
+
The Mental Combat skill covers mental and psychic combat. Any form of mental combat is covered by the Mental Combat skill.
  
===Legerdemain===
+
Mental Combat typically requires a Power Level roll when attacking, and a Presence roll when defending.
  
Legerdemain (literally, "light of hand") covers the skills which require a delicate touch and fine control of the hands and fingers. A Legerdemain task roll might be required to slip a note to an ally, to pick someone's pocket, or to pick the lock on a pair of handcuffs.
+
''Examples:'' Defending against mental attacks, phantasms, mind control, telepathy
  
Failing a Legerdemain task roll indicates that the deception is easily spotted by the casual observer, or that the lock resists the attempt to pick it.
+
===Occult===
  
Legerdemain typically requires an Agility task roll.
+
The Occult skill allows the character to identify occult objects, find cures for curses, and decipher ancient arcane manuscripts.
  
''Expertise examples:'' Lockpicking, Pickpocketing, Sleight Of Hand
+
Occult typically requires a Reason roll for academic use, or a Presence roll to [[ZeroSpace_3e_EN:Occult_Orders|use occult powers]].
  
===Manipulation===
+
''Examples:'' Analyzing artifacts, using occult powers, removing curses
  
The Manipulation general skill pertains to eliciting cooperation or information from others by using flirtation, threats of violence, or just casual conversation. Interrogation usually hinges on convincing the subject that hope is futile and that resistance will only make things worse, while seduction can sometimes be successful even if the target is aware they are being seduced.
+
===Perception===
  
Failure of a Manipulation task roll may result in the subject of interrogation convincingly giving false information or possibly in the subject's accidental death, or that the target finds the would-be seducer offensive or pathetic.
+
The Perception skill pertains to noticing subtle things, identifying sensory input, and generally being aware of one's surroundings. Perception can reflect the keenness of one's senses, one's powers of observation, or both.
  
Manipulation typically requires a [[ZeroSpace:Actions#Extended_Tasks|series of Willpower task rolls]].
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Perception typically requires a Reason roll.
  
''Expertise examples:'' Conversation, Interrogation, Leadership, Seduction, Taunting
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''Examples:'' Eavesdropping, identifying an odor or taste, noticing a tail
  
===Medicine===
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===Performance===
  
A knowledge of Medicine can be very useful in the violent world of ''ZeroSpace''. Any medical procedure, from taking a person's temperature and splinting broken limbs, to performing open-heart telesurgery and administering nanotherapy, is covered by the Medicine general skill. Knowledge of Medicine also gives the character familiarity with common drugs and toxins, and a competent knowledge of their effects on human physiology. Simple procedures, such as diagnosing and treating mild infections, are usually within the ability of a character with the Medicine general skill. Extensive and difficult medical procedures, such as re-attaching a severed limb or performing brain surgery, are generally better left to characters with expertise in those areas.
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The Performance skill is used to entertain an audience, making them forget their worries for a brief while.
  
Medicine typically requires a Reason task roll.
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Performance typically requires a Presence roll.
  
''Expertise examples:'' Diagnosis, Pharmacology, Surgery
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''Examples:'' Comedy, dancing, music, singing, theatre, writing novels, writing poetry
  
 
===Piloting===
 
===Piloting===
  
The Piloting general skill covers the direct control a large mechanical contrivance, be it a sports car, a jet fighter, a walking forklift, or a skyscraper-sized kaiju-fighting robot. Piloting also covers controlling tiny mechanisms, like radio-controlled helicopters and missile-launching drones.
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The Piloting skill covers the navigation and control of a mechanical contrivance, be it a sports car, a star fighter, a walking forklift, or a skyscraper-sized kaiju-fighting robot. Piloting also covers controlling tiny mechanisms, like radio-controlled helicopters and missile-launching drones. The Piloting skill as it pertains to starships is covered in more detail in the [[ZeroSpace_3e_EN:Starships|Starships]] chapter.
  
 
A failed Piloting roll could result in being unable to attack because the vehicle is in the wrong position, a temporary loss of control, or even a collision.
 
A failed Piloting roll could result in being unable to attack because the vehicle is in the wrong position, a temporary loss of control, or even a collision.
  
Piloting typically requires an Agility task roll.
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Piloting typically requires a Reason roll to chart a course for a craft, and an Agility roll to control it.
  
''Expertise examples:'' Aircraft, Automobiles, Giant Robots, Heavy Machinery, Motorcycles, Spacecraft, Submersibles, Unmanned Vehicles, Watercraft
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''Examples:'' Aircraft, drones, ground vehicles, heavy machinery, spacecraft, watercraft; navigation
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===Ranged Combat===
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The Ranged Combat skill covers the myriad ways that humans have found to hurt, maim, and kill one another from a distance. Any form of ranged combat is covered by the Ranged Combat skill.
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Ranged Combat typically requires an Agility roll.
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''Examples:'' Bows, crossbows, pistols, ranged powers, rifles, thrown weapons, wrist rockets
  
 
===Science===
 
===Science===
  
The Science general skill can cover a variety of fields, depending on the character's interests. A character with the Science general skill may be conversant with any discipline that's reasonable for their background. A character with the Science general skill, but without expertise in any specific field, might be a skilled dilettante or simply an experienced but mediocre researcher. Dedicated scientists specialize.
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The Science skill can cover a variety of fields, depending on the character's interests. A character with the Science skill may be conversant with any discipline that's reasonable for their background.
  
Science typically requires a Reason task roll.
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Science typically requires a Reason roll.
  
''Expertise examples:'' Anthropology, Archeology, Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Cryogenics, Ecology, Genetics, Geology, Metallurgy, Meteorology, Nanotechnology, Oceanology, Parapsychology, Physics, Psychology, Radiology, Robotics, Sociology
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''Examples:'' Anthropology, biology, chemistry, geology, mathematics, physics, psychology
  
===Social===
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===Stealth===
  
The Social general skill is used to cut through red tape, the proper manners for a given environment, and navigate the dark side of civilization. This includes the appropriate grammar (or lack of it), suitable attire, and how to blend in with any cultural group. A Social task roll might be required to circumvent a bureaucratic obstacle, to socialize with a group without offending them, or to get the word to the Mafia that the shipment of guns at midnight is a set-up.
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Stealth is the art of sneaking around. A Stealth roll might be required to hide from a monster in an alien spaceship, to sneak up on a sentry, or to shadow a suspect back to the criminal's hideout. Terrain, available cover, camouflage, and background noise will all affect the difficulty of the Stealth roll.
  
A failed Social roll would result in the character being snubbed by polite society, or possibly in their being maimed by a coarser crowd.  
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Failing the Stealth roll indicates that the furtive prowler is easily spotted by a casual observer.
  
Social task rolls typically require a Willpower task roll, and are sometimes opposed.
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Stealth typically requires an Agility roll, and is usually opposed by a Perception (Reason) roll by the person the character is hiding from.
  
''Expertise examples:'' Bribery, Etiquette, Streetwise
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''Examples:'' Hiding, shadowing, sneaking, stalking
  
===Stealth===
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===Survival===
  
Stealth is the art of sneaking around. A Stealth task roll might be required to hide from a monster in an alien spaceship, to sneak up on a sentry, or to shadow a suspect back to the criminal's hideout. Terrain, available cover, camouflage, and background noise will all affect the difficulty of the Stealth task roll.
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The Survival skill pertains to living off the land, coping with adverse environments, and finding one's way based on landmarks, the stars, and dead reckoning. The difficulty is dependent upon the terrain, temperature, and availability of food and shelter, and on how well equipped the character is for the particular area. Survival in a temperate environment with available sources of food and water would require a moderately difficult (DV 3) Survival (Reason) roll. Harsh, hostile environments, such as a desolate wasteland or an icy tundra, would have a higher difficulty, depending on how prepared the character is.
  
Failing the Stealth task roll indicates that the furtive prowler is easily spotted by a casual observer.
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Failing a Survival roll once might mean that the character has caught a cold, lost the trail of their prey, or eaten a plant that has made them sick. Failing numerous Survival rolls could be lethal.
  
Stealth typically requires an Agility task roll, and is usually opposed by a Perception task roll by the person the character is hiding from.
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Survival typically requires a Reason roll, or perhaps a [[ZeroSpace_3e_EN:Actions#Extended_Tasks|series of rolls]].
  
''Expertise examples:'' Hiding, Shadowing, Sneaking
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''Examples:'' Foraging, hunting, orienteering, scavenging, tracking
  
===Survival===
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===Warfare===
  
The Survival general skill pertains to living off the land and coping with adverse environments. The task difficulty is dependent upon the terrain, temperature, and availability of food and shelter, and how well equipped the character is for the particular area. Harsh, hostile environments (the Gobi Desert, the Antarctic) would have a very high task difficulty (15 to 18) depending on how prepared the character is. Surviving in very mild environments (Central Park, or the woods just outside town) would have a low task difficulty (9 to 12), or would not require a task roll at all.
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Warfare covers every aspect of large numbers of combatants to attain your goals. A common focus of warfare is the defense and capture of defined strategic points, but it also includes the overall plan beyond the current battlespace, as well as the supply chains and communications required to support your forces.
  
Failing a Survival task roll once might mean that the character has caught a cold, lost the trail of their prey, or eaten a plant that has made them sick. Failing numerous Survival task rolls could be lethal.
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Warfare typically requires a Reason roll.
  
Survival typically requires a Perception task roll, or perhaps a [[ZeroSpace:Actions#Extended_Tasks|series of task rolls]].
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''Examples:'' Command and control, guerrilla warfare, logistics, military doctrine, strategy, tactics
  
''Expertise examples:'' Foraging, Hunting, Tactics, Tracking
 
  
 
[[Category:Skills]]
 
[[Category:Skills]]
 
[[Category:ZeroSpace]]
 
[[Category:ZeroSpace]]
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[[Category:English]]

Latest revision as of 20:56, 7 November 2021

Arrow up 16x16.png Contents

Skills allow a character to apply their attributes to solve a specific problem or accomplish a specific task. Skills cost one character point each. Expertise in a skill costs an additional character point. We suggest spending about 10 character points on skills, unless you have alien traits, gifts, or occult powers, in which case we suggest spending at least 5 points on skills.

Skill Dice

If the character has the needed skill, the player rolls 2d6. If the character has Expertise with the needed skill, re-roll any 1s and 2s until all dice have a 3 or higher.

A character may attempt a task in which they have no skill, if the GM says it is possible. For example, anyone can tell a lie (attempted with a Deception roll), but not everyone can recite an epic poem and keep the audience's attention (attempted with a Performance roll). If a character attempts a task in which they have no skill, the player rolls one die instead of two. For example, if a character is attacked by an enemy with a knife, but the defender does not have the Hand-to-hand Combat skill, the defender rolls 1d6 and adds their Brawn.

Making skill rolls is covered in the Actions chapter.

Typical Skills

ZeroSpace divides skills into broad disciplines. This list of skills is not exhaustive, nor is it objective: skills are divided by their usefulness in a game, not by any objective taxonomy. This is why "Culture" is a very broad skill, while "Deception" is relatively specific. A character may have a skill not listed here, subject to GM approval. However, any new skills should be approximately as useful as these skills in order to maintain a sense of fairness with other characters.

Most skills are quite broad. However, just because a character could do everything encompassed by a skill does not mean that they should. For example, a character with the Engineering skill could, in theory, do everything from repairing holocams to designing repulsorlift bridges. That doesn't mean it makes sense for them to do so. It's up to you as the player to know what makes sense for your character and what doesn't, and to communicate that information to the GM.

The attribute typically associated with a skill is listed here, but keep in mind that the relevant attribute might change depending on the circumstances. Also note that the same task might be accomplished in more than one way. Climbing a tree might be an exercise in Athletics (Brawn), but it might also be accomplished with the proper application of Survival (Brawn).


Table: Typical skills
Skill Attribute Examples
Athletics Agility or Brawn Climbing, gymnastics, riding, running, swimming, throwing objects
Computing Reason Artificial intelligence, forensics, programming, security systems, sensor operation
Culture Reason Art, fashion, history, music, philosophy, politics, popular media, religion
Deception Presence Bluffing, disguise, lying, sales
Diplomacy Presence Carousing, conversation, etiquette, negotiation, streetwise
Engineering Reason Architecture, carpentry, cartography, cooking, demolitions, electronics
Finesse Agility Disabling a trap, forgery, lockpicking, pickpocketing, sleight of hand
Gambling Reason Card games, dice games, dominoes, formal combat, races, sporting events
Hand-to-hand Combat Brawn Axes, clubs, hand-to-hand powers, spears, swords, unarmed strikes
Investigation Reason Analyzing evidence, collecting evidence, identifying clues
Manipulation Presence Bribery, interrogation, intimidation, leadership, persuasion, seduction
Medicine Reason Cybernetics, diagnosis, field medicine, pharmacology, surgery
Mental Combat Presence Defending against mental attacks, phantasms, mind control, telepathy
Occult Reason Analyzing artifacts, using occult powers, removing curses
Perception Reason Eavesdropping, identifying an odor or taste, noticing a tail
Performance Presence Comedy, dancing, music, singing, theatre, writing novels, writing poetry
Piloting Agility or Reason Aircraft, drones, ground vehicles, heavy machinery, spacecraft, watercraft; navigation
Ranged Combat Agility Bows, crossbows, pistols, ranged powers, rifles, thrown weapons, wrist rockets
Science Reason Anthropology, biology, chemistry, geology, mathematics, physics, psychology
Stealth Agility Hiding, shadowing, sneaking, stalking
Survival Reason Foraging, hunting, orienteering, scavenging, tracking
Warfare Reason Command and control, guerrilla warfare, logistics, military doctrine, strategy, tactics


Athletics

The Athletics skill covers the entire spectrum of non-combat sports, as well general feats of athleticism such as running, jumping, climbing, swimming, and throwing.

Generally, an athletic competition is simply a matter of who has the highest relevant attribute. In the case where two competitors in a sport have the same attributes, the winner would be decided with a roll, or perhaps a series of rolls. In some sports, the difference between the winner and second place may be as little as one one-hundredth of a second.

Athletics typically requires an Agility or Brawn roll.

Examples: Climbing, gymnastics, riding, running, swimming, throwing objects

Computing

Computing allows the character to write new programs, take apart old ones, and follow data trails across networks. It also allows a character to create or circumvent computer security programs and protocols. If a character is extremely familiar with the program in question, the GM might decide that the attempt is automatically successful. If the character is attempting to break into a computer system, the GM may assign a difficulty of 6, or perhaps even higher, since these programs are designed to prevent interference.

Failing a Computing roll might mean that an attempt to circumvent a computer security system is simply unsuccessful, or it may mean that the character has set off an alarm or left a "trail" which may be followed back to their location.

Computing typically requires a Reason roll.

Examples: Artificial intelligence, forensics, programming, security systems, sensor operation

Culture

The Culture skill covers the wide range of information that provides the backdrop of our lives. It includes literary, artistic, and political tidbits of information, such as the middle name of the fifth Imperator or the origin of that green stripe on starship disposal vents (they all have one).

Culture typically requires a Reason roll.

Examples: Art, fashion, history, music, philosophy, politics, popular media, religion

Deception

The Deception skill is used to convince someone of the truth of a given statement or situation, usually with the aim of getting them to act on it. Deception could be used to convert someone to a religion, sell someone a car, or simply win an argument. It is not necessary for the deceiver to actually believe their own statements, but if they do they gain a bonus die -- nothing is as convincing as sincerity. If the person being deceived is predisposed to believe the deceiver, the GM may allow the task to succeed without rolling. If the character is trying to persuade someone to believe a patent absurdity (from the target's point of view), the GM might impose a penalty die, or even declare the attempt an automatic failure for truly outrageous lies.

A failed Deception roll usually means that the subject simply does not believe the lie, but it could mean that the attempt has backfired, firmly convincing the subject of the opposite of what the character was trying to convince them of.

Deception typically requires a Presence roll.

Examples: Bluffing, disguise, lying, sales

Diplomacy

The Diplomacy skill is used to adapt to one's social environment. It enables a character navigate through red tape, know the proper manners for a given environment, or survive an excursion to the dark side of civilization. A Diplomacy roll might be required to circumvent a bureaucratic obstacle, to socialize with a group without offending them, or to get the word to the Black Sun that the shipment of blasters at midnight is a set-up.

A failed Diplomacy roll could result in the character being snubbed by polite society, or possibly in being maimed by a coarser crowd.

Diplomacy typically requires a Presence roll, and is sometimes opposed.

Examples: Carousing, conversation, etiquette, negotiation, streetwise

Engineering

Engineering is the relevant skill whenever a character attempts to design and build structures, machines, devices, systems, or materials. An Engineering roll might be required to design a bridge, to hot-wire a speeder, to modify a hadron collider to be a singularity cannon, or to construct a containment suit for a being made of electromagnetic radiation.

Failing the Engineering roll might indicate that the device simply does not work, or that it will fail catastrophically during use.

Engineering typically requires a Reason roll.

Examples: Architecture, carpentry, cartography, cooking, demolitions, electronics

Finesse

Finesse covers the skills which require a delicate touch and fine control of the hands and fingers. A Finesse roll might be required to slip a note to an ally, to pick someone's pocket, to disable a trap, or to pick the lock on a pair of handcuffs.

Failing a Finesse roll indicates that the deception is easily spotted by the casual observer, or that the lock resists the attempt to pick it.

Finesse typically requires an Agility roll.

Examples: Disabling a trap, forgery, lockpicking, pickpocketing, sleight of hand

Gambling

Gambling is the wagering of something of value (or "the stakes") on an event with an uncertain outcome, with the intent of winning more than you risked. Gambling thus requires three elements: the stakes, a risk, and a prize. A character with Gambling knows where to play, when to play, and with whom to play, in order to win more often than they lose.

Gambling typically requires a Reason roll.

Examples: Card games, dice games, dominoes, formal combat, races, sporting events

Hand-to-hand Combat

The Hand-to-hand Combat skill covers the myriad ways that humans have found to hurt, maim, and kill one another in hand-to-hand combat. Any form of hand-to-hand combat is covered by the Hand-to-hand Combat skill.

Hand-to-hand Combat typically requires a Brawn roll.

Examples: Axes, clubs, hand-to-hand powers, spears, swords, unarmed strikes

Investigation

The Investigation skill covers most of the tasks involved in solving mysteries and researching obscure topics. This includes searching for clues, collecting and analyzing evidence, sifting through Hypernet records and police databases, and so on.

A failed Investigation roll might mean that the character hits a dead end in the investigation, or it might mean that they seize on a red herring and draw the wrong conclusion from the evidence.

Investigation typically requires a Reason roll, or perhaps a series of rolls.

Examples: Analyzing evidence, collecting evidence, identifying clues

Manipulation

The Manipulation skill pertains to eliciting cooperation or information from others by using flirtation, threats of violence, or just verbal trcikery. Interrogation usually hinges on convincing the subject that hope is futile and that resistance will only make things worse, while seduction can sometimes be successful even if the target is aware that they are being seduced.

Failure of a Manipulation roll could result in the subject of interrogation convincingly giving false information, or in the target of a seduction finding the would-be seducer repugnant.

Manipulation typically requires a Presence roll, or perhaps a series of rolls.

Examples: Bribery, interrogation, intimidation, leadership, persuasion, seduction

Medicine

A knowledge of Medicine can be very useful in the violent world of ZeroSpace. Any medical procedure, from taking a person's temperature and splinting broken limbs, to performing open-heart telesurgery and administering nanotherapy, is covered by the Medicine skill. Knowledge of Medicine also gives the character familiarity with common drugs and toxins, and a competent knowledge of their effects.

Medicine typically requires a Reason roll.

Examples: Cybernetics, diagnosis, field medicine, pharmacology, surgery

Mental Combat

The Mental Combat skill covers mental and psychic combat. Any form of mental combat is covered by the Mental Combat skill.

Mental Combat typically requires a Power Level roll when attacking, and a Presence roll when defending.

Examples: Defending against mental attacks, phantasms, mind control, telepathy

Occult

The Occult skill allows the character to identify occult objects, find cures for curses, and decipher ancient arcane manuscripts.

Occult typically requires a Reason roll for academic use, or a Presence roll to use occult powers.

Examples: Analyzing artifacts, using occult powers, removing curses

Perception

The Perception skill pertains to noticing subtle things, identifying sensory input, and generally being aware of one's surroundings. Perception can reflect the keenness of one's senses, one's powers of observation, or both.

Perception typically requires a Reason roll.

Examples: Eavesdropping, identifying an odor or taste, noticing a tail

Performance

The Performance skill is used to entertain an audience, making them forget their worries for a brief while.

Performance typically requires a Presence roll.

Examples: Comedy, dancing, music, singing, theatre, writing novels, writing poetry

Piloting

The Piloting skill covers the navigation and control of a mechanical contrivance, be it a sports car, a star fighter, a walking forklift, or a skyscraper-sized kaiju-fighting robot. Piloting also covers controlling tiny mechanisms, like radio-controlled helicopters and missile-launching drones. The Piloting skill as it pertains to starships is covered in more detail in the Starships chapter.

A failed Piloting roll could result in being unable to attack because the vehicle is in the wrong position, a temporary loss of control, or even a collision.

Piloting typically requires a Reason roll to chart a course for a craft, and an Agility roll to control it.

Examples: Aircraft, drones, ground vehicles, heavy machinery, spacecraft, watercraft; navigation

Ranged Combat

The Ranged Combat skill covers the myriad ways that humans have found to hurt, maim, and kill one another from a distance. Any form of ranged combat is covered by the Ranged Combat skill.

Ranged Combat typically requires an Agility roll.

Examples: Bows, crossbows, pistols, ranged powers, rifles, thrown weapons, wrist rockets

Science

The Science skill can cover a variety of fields, depending on the character's interests. A character with the Science skill may be conversant with any discipline that's reasonable for their background.

Science typically requires a Reason roll.

Examples: Anthropology, biology, chemistry, geology, mathematics, physics, psychology

Stealth

Stealth is the art of sneaking around. A Stealth roll might be required to hide from a monster in an alien spaceship, to sneak up on a sentry, or to shadow a suspect back to the criminal's hideout. Terrain, available cover, camouflage, and background noise will all affect the difficulty of the Stealth roll.

Failing the Stealth roll indicates that the furtive prowler is easily spotted by a casual observer.

Stealth typically requires an Agility roll, and is usually opposed by a Perception (Reason) roll by the person the character is hiding from.

Examples: Hiding, shadowing, sneaking, stalking

Survival

The Survival skill pertains to living off the land, coping with adverse environments, and finding one's way based on landmarks, the stars, and dead reckoning. The difficulty is dependent upon the terrain, temperature, and availability of food and shelter, and on how well equipped the character is for the particular area. Survival in a temperate environment with available sources of food and water would require a moderately difficult (DV 3) Survival (Reason) roll. Harsh, hostile environments, such as a desolate wasteland or an icy tundra, would have a higher difficulty, depending on how prepared the character is.

Failing a Survival roll once might mean that the character has caught a cold, lost the trail of their prey, or eaten a plant that has made them sick. Failing numerous Survival rolls could be lethal.

Survival typically requires a Reason roll, or perhaps a series of rolls.

Examples: Foraging, hunting, orienteering, scavenging, tracking

Warfare

Warfare covers every aspect of large numbers of combatants to attain your goals. A common focus of warfare is the defense and capture of defined strategic points, but it also includes the overall plan beyond the current battlespace, as well as the supply chains and communications required to support your forces.

Warfare typically requires a Reason roll.

Examples: Command and control, guerrilla warfare, logistics, military doctrine, strategy, tactics